Hermann Kohlstedt

Build it and you understand it.

Short Biography

Hermann Kohlstedt is Professor of Nanoelectronics at the Engineering Department of the Christian-Albrechts University (CAU) Kiel, Germany. Prior to this appointment at CAU, he was leading a research group from 1991 to 2009 at the Research Center Jülich, Germany that focused on advanced electronic device concepts and associated materials-processing issues. From 1986 to 1989 he worked at the Institute for Millimeterwave Radiostronomy (IRAM) in Grenoble, France and received his PhD in Physics from the Kassel University in 1989 on superconducting tunnel junctions for heterodyne receivers. From 1990 to 1991 he held a one year appointment at the Advantest Corporation in Sapporo, Japan.

His representative work includes metallic and complex oxide superconducting -, magnetic – and ferroelectric tunnel junctions in the frame work of transport properties and thin film analysis. In 2005/06 he was on sabbatical at the Materials Science Department of the UC Berkeley and the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA. Since 2009 he is working in the field of memristive device for neuromorphic circuits and he is spokes person of the DFG (German Research Society) Research Unit RU 2093 entitled: “Memristive Devices for neuronal Systems”. He authored and co-authored more than 170 papers in peer-review journals.

Research field and activities

His research interest covers the field of novel electronics devices from device fabrication, thin film analytics to electrical characterization.  Examples include the study of non-linear dynamics of interlayer fluxon (soliton) interactions in stacked superconducting tunnel junctions and the memristive electronic transport in multiferroic tunnel junctions. His main research aims are memristive devices for non-volatile memories and neuromorphic circuits. Especially the experimental realization of time-varying, pulsed-coupled bio-inspired neuronal oscillator networks, comprising signal delay and variable coupling strengths (via memristive devices) attracted his research interest over the last years.

  • Memristive devices and circuits for bio-inspired electronics
  • Ferroelectric and multiferroic tunnel junctions for non-volatile memories
  • Interface and surface spectroscopy using photons and electrons
  • Thin film technology and device patterning

Contact

Kiel University
Faculty of Engineering
Institute for Electrical Engineering and Information Technology
Chair of Nanoelectronics
Kaiserstr. 2
24143 Kiel, Germany

References

  1. E. Kröger, A. Petraru, A. Quer, R. Soni, M. Kalläne,  N. A. Pertsev, H. Kohlstedt,  and K. Rossnagel, In-situ hard x-ray photoemission spectroscopy of barrier-height control at metal/PMN-PT interfaces, Phys. Rev. B 93, 235415 (2016).
  2. M. Ignatov, M.Hansen, M. Ziegler, H. Kohlstedt,  Synchronization of two memristively coupled van der Pol oscillators, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 084105 (2016).
  3. S. Jeong, R. Thomas, R. Katiyar, J. F. Scott, H. Kohlstedt, APetraru, and Hwang, C. S., Emerging memories: resistive switching mechanisms and current status, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 076502 (2012).
  4. M. Ziegler, R. Soni, Patelczyk, M. Ignatov, T. Bartsch; P. Meuffels, P. and HKohlstedt, An electronic version of Pavlov`s dog, Adv. Func. Mat. 143, 2744 (2012).
  5. Soni, A. Petrau, P. Meuffels, O. Vavra, M. Ziegler, S. K. Kim, D. S. Jeong, N. A. Pertsev, and H. KohlstedtGiant electrode effect on tunneling electroresistance in ferroelectric tunnel junctions, Nature Comm. 5, 5414 (2014).
  6. M. Ziegler, O. Harnack, H. KohlstedtResistive switching in lateral junctions with nanometer separated electrodes, Solid-State Electronics 92, 24 (2014).
  7. Ruppelt, O. Vavra, H. Sickinger, E. Goldobin, D. Koelle, R.  Kleiner, H.  Kohlstedt, H. Combinatorial sputtering in planetary type systems for alloy libraries with perpendicular gradients of layer thickness and composition realized by a timing approachApplied Physics A  116, 229 (2014).
  8. Ziegler, K. Ochs, M. Hansen, H. Kohlstedt, An electronic implementation of amoeba anticipation, Appl. Phys. A 114, 565 (2014).
  9. M. Ziegler, M. Hansen, M. Ignatov, and H. KohlstedtBuilding memristive neurons and synapses, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS) 1069 (2014).
  10. S. Prokhorenko, H. Kohlstedt, and N. A. Pertsev,Ferroelectric-ferromagnetic multilayers: A magnetoelectric heterostructure with high output charge signal, Journal of Applied Physics 116, 114107 (2014).
  11. D. S. Jeong, I.  Kim, Inho, M. Ziegler, and H. KohlstedtTowards artificial neurons and synapses: a materials point of view, RSC Adv. 3, 3169 (2013).
  12. A. Petraru, R. Soni and H. KohlstedtVoltage controlled biaxial strain in VO2 films grown on 0.72Pb(Mg1∕3Nb2∕3)-0.28PbTiO3 crystals and its effect on the transition 
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 092902 (2014).
  13. A. Pertsev and H. KohlstedtMagnetoresistive Memory with Ultralow Critical Current for Magnetization Switching, Adv. Func. Mat.  22, 4696 (2012)
  14. D. B. Strukov and H. Kohlstedt, (Eds.), Resistive switching phenomena in thin films: Materials, devices, and applications,  MRS Bullettin 37, 108 (2012).
  15. A. Petraru, R.  Soni, and H. KohlstedtTunneling magnetoresistance and electroresistance properties of composite-barrier ferroelectric tunnel junctions, Phys. Sta. Sol.-Rap. Res. Lett. 6, 138 (2012).
  16. R. Soni, P. Meuffels, A. Petrau, M. Weides, C. Kügeler, R. Waser, and H. Kohlstedt,  Probing Cu doped Ge0.3Se0.7 based resistance switching memory devices with random telegraph noise, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 024517 (2010).
  17. MHambeAPetraruN. A. PertsevP. Munroe, V. Nagarajan, and H. Kohlstedt, Crossing an interface: Ferroelectric control of tunnel currents. in magnetic complex oxide heterostructures,  Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 2436. (2010).
  18. Sprungmann, K. Westerholt, H. Zabel, M. Weides, and H. KohlstedtEvidence for triplet superconductivity in Josephson junctions with barriers of the ferromagnetic Heusler alloy Cu2MnAl , Phys. Rev. B 82, 060505R (2010).
  19. R. SoniP. MeuffelsH. KohlstedtC. Kügeler, and Waser, Reliability analysis of the low resistance state stability of Ge0.3Se0.7 based solid electrolyte non-volatile memory cells, Appl.Phys. Lett. 94, 123503 (2009).
  20. Petraru, N. A. Pertsev, H. Kohlstedt, U. Poppe, and R. WaserA. Solbach and U. Klemradt Polarization and lattice strains in epitaxial films grown by high-pressure sputtering, J Appl. Phys. 101, 114106 (2007)
  21. T. Schneller, H. Kohlstedt, A. Petraru, R. Waser  J. Guo J. Denlinger T. Learmonth  Per-Anders Glans  K. E. Smith et al.Investigation of the amorphous to crystalline phase transition of chemical solution deposited Pb(Zr0.3Ti0.7)O-3 thin films by soft X-ray absorption and soft X-ray emission spectroscopy, J. Sol-Gel Sci. and Techn. 48, 239 (2008).
  22. M. Weides, M. Kemmler, H. Kohlstedt, R. Waser, D. Koelle, R. Kleiner, and E. Goldobin, 0pJosephson Tunnel Junctions with Ferromagnetic Barrier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247001 (2006).
  23. E. Y. Tsymbal and H. Kohlstedt, Tunneling across a ferroelectric, Science 313, 181 (2006)
  24. H. Kohlstedt, N. A. Pertsev, J. R. Contreras, and R. Waser, Theoretical current-voltage characteristics of ferroelectric tunnel junctions, Phys. Rev. B 72, 125341 (2005).
  25. A. V. Ustinov, and H.  Kohlstedt, Interlayer Fluxon Interaction in Josephson Stacks, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6111 (1996).
  26. A. V. Ustinov, H. Kohlstedt, and C. Heiden,  Possible phase-locking of vertically stacked Josephson flux-flow oscillators, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65 1457 (1994).
  27. A.V. Ustinov, H. Kohlstedt, M. Cirillo,  N. F. Pedersen, G. Hallmanns, and C. Heiden, Coupled fluxon modes in stacked Nb/AlOx/Nb long Josephson junctions, Phys. Rev B  48, 10614 (1993).
  28. H. Kohlstedt, J. Schubert, K. Herrmann, Very thin YBa2Cu3O7 step-edge Josephson-junctions, Superc. Sci.  Techn. 6, 246 (1993).
  29. H. Kohlstedt, K.-H. Gundlach and S. Kuriki, Electric forming and telegraph noise in tunnel junctions, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2564 (1993).